Which materials for wallpapers are available in 2022? 

Paper wallpaper

Structure and design

This most traditional version of wallpaper murals is made, like paper, from cellulose fibers. It can have 1 or 2 layers called simplex and duplex, respectively. The former is less durable and cheaper, but the latter is more robust and allows you to make an embossed relief. The coloring of paper wall murals is very diverse: from simple patterns to full-fledged panels. 

Advantages and disadvantages

Paper wallpaper has three main advantages:

  • Price: this is the most affordable option for wall decoration – there are no alternative wall murals cheaper;
  • Environmental friendliness: paper wallpaper murals here do not contain harmful substances, so this is the best answer to the question of how to choose wallpapers that are safe for health;
  • Comfort: cellulose does not restrict air circulation, so the walls in the room “breathe.”

Of course, there are corresponding disadvantages:

  • Fragility: the paper layer is easy to scratch and stain, but it cannot be repaired – you have to reglue the wallpaper. 
  • Hygroscopicity: cellulose absorbs moisture from the air, so you need to think carefully about where to use paper wallpaper – certainly not in the kitchen or any damp rooms.
  • Short-lived: the drawing on paper quickly fades, and the wallpaper is gradually wiped off – the resource of paper wallpaper is usually no more than seven years.

Non-woven wallpaper

Structure and design

When discussions about which wallpaper is best are held, the non-woven wallpapers are often mentioned. Of course, it is justified – after all, such wallpaper is a further development of paper one: polyester is added to cellulose, which changes the properties correspondingly. Still, non-woven wallpaper is not ideal for design: it is often plain and without any pronounced pattern or relief; however, it is an excellent choice as a base to be painted over. 

Advantages and disadvantages

Non-woven wallpaper is pretty valued for such advantages:

  • Durability: thanks to the addition of synthetics, the non-woven wallpapers are extreme and elastic and last up to 10-15 years.
  • Installation: it is easy to glue non-woven wallpapers, and they will even hide the imperfections of the walls. Also, they can act as removable wall murals. 
  • Safety: Despite polyester’s presence, this material is suitable for the nursery since it allows air and moisture to pass through.

Of course, every medal has its reverse side. 

  • Markedness: such wallpapers get dirty quickly and absorb all the dust and dirt.
  • Moisture resistance: although non-woven wallpaper is not as afraid of water as paper, getting wet is best avoided.
  • Cost: the price of non-woven wallpaper is noticeably higher than paper’s, sometimes even a multiple of it. 

Vinyl wallpapers

Structure and design 

Vinyl wallpaper is created by applying a polyvinylchloride (PVC) layer to the paper base. This vinyl layer determines the overall quality and durability of the wallpaper – more vinyl layers – greater resilience and quality. The images on this wallpaper are always bright and vibrant and allow an excellent level of diversity in plots.

Advantages and disadvantages 

Such characteristics secure vinyl’s popularity:

  • Durability: Vinyl film is durable, wear-resistant, and does not fade – the finish lives up to 20 years.
  • Convenience: Vinyl wallpapers can be cleaned with a sponge or cloth, some even washed and brushed – perfect for the kitchen and hallway
  • Masking: due to their thickness, many wallpapers of this type make it possible to hide the roughness and irregularities of the wall.

Still, there are negative properties:

  • Microclimate: even with perforation, vinyl wallpaper almost does not let air through, making the room stuffy;
  • Toxicity: Quality material meets safety standards, but synthetics are still synthetics and may be dangerous, especially in a case of fire;
  • Gluing: installation of vinyl wallpapers is not the most laborious, but it still requires due knowledge, qualification, and care.

Textile wallpaper

Structure and design 

Like vinyl models, textile wallpapers have a paper or non-woven base, upon which there is a fabric layer made of cotton, linen, jute, velour, or even silk. If you choose the wallpaper based solely on how magnificent it looks, look no further – with textile wallpaper, the room looks impressive and luxurious. It is worth mentioning that these wallpaper are often impregnated with antiseptics and flame retardants.

Advantages and disadvantages 

Textile wallpapers have the following positive pros:

  • Durability: The fabric cover retains color for a long time – even in direct sunlight.
  • Insulation: Textiles reduce external noise and retain some warmth – an ideal choice for bedrooms.
  • Harmlessness: the minimum content of synthetic fibers makes the finish safe for health.

There are, however, enough disadvantages for textile wallpapers:

  • High cost: the prices for textile wallpapers are the highest among all the types described above. 
  • Capriciousness: these wallpapers are difficult to both glue and maintain in the future in good condition.
  • Absorbency: the fabric actively collects dust and is saturated with odors – this can cause discomfort.

Wall mural (photo wallpapers)

Design and structure 

To be frank, it is somewhat arbitrary to group the photo wallpaper in a different distinction. Indeed, by their nature, they can be paper, non-woven, vinyl – the difference is only in the decor with a photographic quality pattern. It can be either ornament – for example, “like a tree” or “like a brick wall” or pictures with landscapes. 

Advantages and disadvantages 

In addition to design, wall murals also bribe consumers with other benefits:

  • Visualization: with the help of a picture on the walls, you can visually expand the room, making it “more spacious.”
  • Preservation: special dyes and coatings have given the photo wallpaper pattern durability for many years.

There are also negative properties, and serious ones at that:

  • Connection: When gluing wallpaper with a photographic pattern, you must be very careful to match the lines on the rolls.
  • Obsolescence: a picture on the wall can get boring and even become irrelevant – for example, in a nursery, when a child “grew up” from cartoon characters.