In the engineering domain, students have the option of a Bachelor of Engineering or Bachelor of Technology at the bachelors level and Master of Engineering and Master of Technology degree at the masters level. During the late 70s and early 80s, Indian institutes offered degrees in engineering along with programmes in Arts, Science, or Commerce. They term their masters level degree as a Master of Engineering. On the other hand, institutes that only provided engineering degrees, call the same masters level degree by a different name, in these institutes, students graduated with a Master of Technology degree.

Today, at the postgraduate level, engineering students have the option of pursuing and earning a Master of Engineering or a Master of Technology degree. These degrees are available for students with an entrance test score and a bachelor’s degree in engineering. Students wishing to earn a masters degree in engineering could be confused by the aspects that both these degrees have to offer. While the two degrees have several differences, they also share similarities, which are vividly described below.

M.E Degree

A Master of Engineering degree or ME for short is a professional masters level degree in engineering. The degree is awarded in any specialisation of engineering chosen by the student. It is taught over two years and admits students who have a bachelor in engineering degree. Admissions are primarily through entrance examinations like GATE.

M.Tech Degree

The M.Tech degree is short for Master of Technology. Like the ME degree, it is a postgraduate level engineering degree. At the end of two years, students earn an M.Tech degree in any engineering specialisation. One can gain admission to the programme through a national-level entrance test and a counseling session.

Although at first glance both Master of Engineering courses, ME and M.Tech degree seem to be alike, there are several differences between both. The following section elaborates on the same.

What are the differences between M.E and M.Tech?

A Master of Technology and a Master of Engineering degree are both masters level degrees in the engineering domain. Both are pursued after a bachelor’s degree in different specialisations or concentrations of engineering. Although the two programs seem to be somewhat similar, they actually have quite a few differences. For interested students, the major differences have been elaborated below.

Focus: One of the major differences between an ME and MTech is the focus of the degrees. Focus here refers to the focus of the syllabus and how the curriculum is shaped. The Master of Technology degree focuses more on the practical aspect of the curriculum. Importantly, both degrees hold theory and practical laboratory classes. However, the ME degree is more theory-based. In the M.Tech degree, students are prepared actively to work in the field post-graduation by teaching them the necessary technical skills with a base of some theory of the specialisation. The Master of Engineering degree is a more academic degree, that is more knowledge-oriented while M.Tech is more skill-oriented. Jobs for ME graduates are popular in management with an engineering background.

Emphasis: Since an M.Tech degree emphasizes technical skills and practical applications, the focus is on exposing students to different work scenarios in which they have to apply their practical skills.Students gain practical experience in an on-campus laboratory. On the other hand, the ME degree depends on learning in-depth about the chosen engineering subject. Students are familiarised with how to do proper research on the specialisation. Most students after graduating with an ME degree choose to go for teaching jobs. Since they have more theory-based knowledge of a subject, this is a perfect career choice for an ME degree holder.

Specialisations: Since the focus of both ME and M.Tech degrees is different, there are also differences in the specialisations offered for both degrees. For the Master of Engineering degree, some specialisations that can be chosen are Genetic Engineering, Agriculture and Food Engineering, Biochemical, Biomedical, Food Processing Engineering, etc. As evident, for these concentrations, work is done primarily in labs. Individuals need to have strong theoretical knowledge of their field to do research. For the Master of Technology field, the best engineering colleges in Navi Mumbai offer popular specialisations include Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Machine Design, Automobile Engineering, Structural Engineering, etc. This type of degree requires an individual to have hands-on experience as well as knowledge of the subject matter. However, it should also be noted here that there could be some overlapping specialisations in both degrees with a difference in the emphasis and focus of the syllabus.

What are the similarities between M.E and M.Tech?

With the differences out of the way, let us understand how both programmes are similar to each other.

Eligibility: All the courses and programmes have a set of eligibility criteria that prospective applicants need to meet. Only if the criteria are met, would the applicants be allowed to apply to the chosen course. For ME and M.Tech degrees, the eligibility criteria are the same. Firstly, all applicants should have a bachelor’s degree, specifically a Bachelor of Engineering or Bachelor of Technology degree. The specialisation at the bachelor’s degree should be in the same as the master’s degree or a related one. Furthermore, there is a requirement for candidates to have a minimum aggregate score. For both ME and M.Tech candidates must have at least 55% scored. Finally, all candidates who are waiting for the final year results can also apply with an entrance test score.

Admission process: The admissions process for Engineering programmes are highly competitive and one must score a high national rank to move on to the next admission round. For both ME and M.Tech degrees, a national level, state level, or university-level test score is required. Some entrance tests that are accepted by M.Tech and M.E colleges in Mumbai are GATE, MHT-CET, etc. It is expected that all applicants taking these tests will meet the cut-offs published by all colleges shortlisted. Once the cut-off is met, a counseling session is held for admission.