What Is Pericoronitis? A Brief Explanation

Many people have made a conscious effort in recent years to learn more about their oral health issues.

When it comes to mouth issues, most people have heard of bleeding gums, but few have heard of pericoronitis. Perhaps many people are unfamiliar with pericoronitis because it’s a rare condition.

Some people with susceptible teeth may get this condition when their teeth come under pressure or undue stress. But what is pericoronitis, to be exact? And how can you tell if you have it?

Read on as we answer these questions and more in this article on pericoronitis.

Symptoms and Causes of Pericoronitis

Symptoms of pericoronitis may include pain or tenderness near the area, bad breath, gum swelling or irritation near the wisdom teeth, difficulty opening your mouth, and fluid-filled sacs near the affected area.

Most cases of pericoronitis are caused by bacteria that accumulate around the partially erupted tissue. Other possible causes may include impacted or partially erupted wisdom teeth, overcrowding in the mouth, and poor oral hygiene. 

Diagnosis and Treatment for Pericoronitis

Diagnosis is normally made after a thorough examination of the affected area and combining this with x-rays of the affected tooth and affected region.

Pericoronitis treatment involves pain relief, such as anti-inflammatories and antibiotics, as well as careful cleaning and removal of the impacted tooth in more severe cases.

In some cases, the tooth may not need to be removed, but regular periodontal maintenance and deep cleaning will be recommended. If the tooth is causing pain, then extraction may be the only treatment.

In either case, good daily oral hygiene and regular follow-up appointments are paramount for successful outcomes.

Risks of Not Treating Pericoronitis

What is pericoronitis, and what are the risks? Pericoronitis is an infection of the soft tissues surrounding a partially erupted wisdom tooth. If left untreated, pericoronitis can cause serious health risks.

It can cause severe inflammation, leading to difficulty when opening the mouth or swelling of the gums and jaw. An abscess may form, leading to fever, a foul taste in the mouth, and pain when eating.

Additionally, it can lead to swelling of the eye and lymph nodes, and if the infection spreads, it may cause sepsis, a life-threatening condition. Systemic problems are also possible, such as endocarditis, an infection of the inner lining of the heart.

Therefore, seeking prompt and effective treatment for pericoronitis is extremely important.

Prevention Methods for Pericoronitis

Prevention methods for pericoronitis include proper brushing and flossing, avoiding highly acidic or soft drinks as well as sugary foods, and seeing a dentist for regular dental examinations or even a wisdom teeth removal is needed.

Guidelines for keeping the area around the impacted tooth clean can also help, such as gently brushing around the wisdom tooth after meals and rinsing with warm salt water. 

Learning What Is Pericoronitis the Right Way

In conclusion, pericoronitis is an infection of the soft tissue around the partially erupted third molar and can cause swelling, pain, and difficulty chewing.

Learning what is pericoronitis, early diagnosis, and treatment are essential and should be discussed with your dentist. Maintaining good oral hygiene practices can help prevent the occurrence of pericoronitis, so make sure to brush twice and floss daily!

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