When municipal sewer systems are not available, septic tank systemnow referred to as local sewage treatment system, is a safe alternative to treating domestic sewage from showers, sinks, toilets and washing machines.

Households without public sewers often rely on septic tank systems to treat and dispose of wastewater. The septic tank system is a significant financial investment. A properly designed, installed, and maintained system will provide years of cost effective, reliable service when properly maintained.

A malfunctioning system can lead to pollution and public health problems, which can lead to property damage, contamination of ground and surface water (like well water for you and your neighbors), and disease outbreaks.

If the septic tank system isn’t working effectively, it may need to be replaced. The replacement costs of a septic tank vary according to the region where you live.This cost may be in thousands of dollars. Even if you sell your home, your septic tank needs to be working well. Therefore, it makes perfect sense to understand and maintain the septic tank system. When the issues with your septic tanks escalate, things may get complicated. They are not the type of installation you can allow yourself to overlook. When problems get into town, or you want to prevent them, advice from experienced professionals like the ones you can find on www.bio-sol.ca comes in handy.

There are several types of septic tank systems that are suitable for different soils and field conditions. The following will help you understand the key components of a standard (gravity fed) septic tank system and operate it safely and at the lowest possible cost.

Septic system Maintenance 

Many septic tank system owners believe that the septic system should work properly as long as the used water “goes away”. The septic tank system must be specially designed and correctly installed according to the situation on site. Only consistentevaluation and maintenance of the septic system can ensure that the system actually treats the effluent.

Look for signs of a faulty septic tank. These include pipes that are directly connected to lakes and soils (including wash water!), Sewage in gardens and ditches, sewage odors, high levels of nitrate and coliforms in well water tests, and algae anomalies in nearby ponds and lakes. There are sprouts and plant breeding.  

Maintaining septic tank system will extend the life of the system. MPCA recommends inspecting septic tanks at least every three years and emptying any accumulated sludge and slag to the point that they endanger the soil treatment system. For some families it can take years to add up. For other families, this process can take less than a year. The accumulation depends entirely on how the system is used. For example, daily waste disposal and use increases the accumulation of material in tanks. Septic tank additives cannot replace the accumulated solids pumped from the tank.

Components of Septic Systems

 The septic system has the below given major components:

1) Primary drain lines

All of the pipes in your home are connected to your main drain. Drain pipes connect sinks, bathtubs, toilets, and other drain pipes to septic tank systems. This is why it is so important to know what the toilet is flushing and draining. Since all pipes are connected to a single drain, large objects can clog the main drain and have a significant impact on equipment drain.

2) Septic tank

When you flush the toilet with water or flush the sewers, it flows from your home into the septic tank. Solid waste floats to the ground in septic tanks, the sewage flows through sewage filters and leaves septic tanks through drainage pipes. Avoid washing large items and items such as paper towels, wet wipes, toys, feminine care products, and diapers to ensure the septic tank is working properly.

3) Distribution Tank

It is a most vital component of the septic system. The distribution tank is exactly what you envisioned – it pulls the wastewater out of your septic tank and distributes it to the drain area. It helps ensure that the waste water is evenly distributed in the drainage area. This tank has several septic tank openings that lead to the drain area. If the water distributor does not work properly, the water distribution may be uneven and the drainage may be obstructed.

4) Drainage Area

Its catchment area is responsible for distributing the underground wastewater. The wastewater passes through the catchment area, is naturally filtered through various layers of soil and finally settles in the groundwater, where it naturally flows back into the groundwater table. It is unsaturated soil where the soil microorganisms clean the sewage from the septic tanks.

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