Are you suffering from twisting in your lower extremities? Maybe your legs or feet hurt, and there’s a cramping sensation with numbness. That can be a vascular disease. If it is left untreated, it can also lead to leg ulcers, skin infections, and blood clots.

Treatments for those problems range from medications to surgery. Are you interested in learning more about their causes and treatments? Then you need to read on.

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances accumulating in and on your artery walls. It is forming hard plaque deposits. This plaque buildup can affect the flow of blood.

It can also lead to a variety of complications. Common treatments for this condition include lifestyle changes. For example, quit smoking and eat healthily. It also includes medications, including statins and anti-platelet therapies.

In some cases, surgeons may recommend an angioplasty or other procedure to open or restore artery blockage. In more serious cases, a bypass or stent may be needed. It is to replace or repair a diseased artery.

Last, it is important to monitor your blood pressure.

Diabetes

Common causes include high blood sugar levels, high blood pressure, and unhealthy cholesterol levels. High levels of glucose stick to blood vessels.

It causes the walls to thicken and harden. That leads to uncomfortable symptoms such as cramping, tingling, and numbness in the limbs.

Treatments for diabetes-related vascular disease include lifestyle changes. Medication may also be used to control blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. It may include insulin, ACE inhibitors, and statins.

A vascular interventional radiologist can help you treat it if you encounter severe cases.

Autoimmune Conditions

It may include vasculitis, Raynaud’s phenomenon, and intermittent claudication. Common causes include genetic predisposition, autoimmune antibodies, and environmental triggers.

The treatment for it is largely dependent on the underlying condition. It may include medications, lifestyle changes, supportive care, or surgery. Engaging in regular exercise may be recommended. Therapy and other forms of supportive care may also be beneficial.

Improper Diet

High consumption of unhealthy foods can contribute to a weakened vascular system. It includes fatty or processed foods or sugary sweets. Increasing dietary fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, and antioxidant-rich foods can help you in your treatment.

Take a moderate amount of alcohol and caffeine. You can also consider foods that are low in saturated fat and salt. Instead, take fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products.

Identifying Risk Factors for Vascular Disease

Vascular disease can have devastating effects, but the good news is that there are treatments available. To reduce the risk of developing one, people should make lifestyle changes. For example, eating healthier and exercising regularly.

People can also seek proper medical advice. It’s also important to stay up-to-date on treatments, so consult a doctor to ensure you have the best options for your health.

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