Transmitted Infections

Sexual activity can be an exciting and rewarding experience, but it can also expose you to a variety of diseases and infections. Some are mild, some are painful, and some may even have serious health consequences. Many of these diseases and infections are spread through sexual contact—specifically, sexual contact with another person’s bodily fluids. That’s why it’s important to know the different types of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and how they are spread. Further, getting needed guidance and assistance from a good private clinic in Montreal can help to diagnose what kind of STI is present in a body. To assist you in your endless endeavor to stay healthy and avoid disease, we’ve created a list of the different types of STIs and how they are spread.

7 Different Types of Sexually Transmitted Infections

While the majority of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are curable, some of them can be potentially life-threatening if left untreated, and all of them may cause infertility in men and women. If you’re not careful about how you conduct your sexual affairs, you could wind up with an STI at any time. To prevent this from happening, familiarize yourself with the types of STIs that exist and what steps you can take to protect yourself from acquiring one during sexual activity with a new partner.

1. Chlamydia

This common sexually transmitted infection (STI) is spread via sexual contact with a person who has chlamydia and may cause swelling, pain, and bleeding in men and women. You can prevent chlamydia by using latex condoms, limiting your number of sexual partners, and not sharing sex toys with others. Most people don’t experience symptoms with chlamydia, but it can lead to serious health complications if left untreated, such as infertility or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PID occurs when an STI spreads to surrounding tissue in the reproductive organs; symptoms include abdominal pain, fever, and abnormal vaginal discharge. PID can damage fallopian tubes, ovaries, and other parts of the female fertility reproductive system.

2. Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Also known as HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus is a life-threatening infection that attacks the immune system and prevents it from fighting off infections. Most people contract HIV through sexual contact or use infected needles to inject drugs—an act that is illegal in many places worldwide. To prevent becoming infected with HIV, never share needles with others and use latex condoms every time you have sex. People who are already living with HIV can take medicine called antiretroviral therapy (ART) to prevent them from developing AIDS—the stage of disease when your immune system is severely damaged and makes you more susceptible to other infections.

3. Genital Warts

This viral STI is caused by certain strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) and is spread through sexual contact. Although most people with HPV won’t experience symptoms, you can prevent genital warts by limiting your number of sexual partners and using latex condoms during intercourse or oral sex. Over time, genital warts may become cancerous if left untreated; you can prevent cancer by seeking treatment for your wart early on. Also known as cervical cancer, cervical dysplasia occurs when cells in women’s cervix turn abnormal, increasing the risk for developing cancer. Preventing cervical dysplasia includes visiting a private clinic to receive an annual Pap smear.

4. Syphilis

Also known as the great imitator, syphilis can cause a variety of symptoms and is spread through direct contact with a syphilitic sore during sexual intercourse or oral sex. You can be tested for syphilis during your annual physical, but many people don’t know they have it because their symptoms mimic those caused by other STIs such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. It’s important to avoid contracting syphilis—or any other STI—by limiting your number of sexual partners and practising safe sex by using latex condoms correctly every time you have intercourse or oral sex. To prevent spreading syphilis to others once you have it, make sure to see a doctor immediately if you develop signs and symptoms.

5. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that inflames your fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix; it’s usually caused by untreated chlamydia or gonorrhea.

To prevent PID, limit your number of sexual partners and use latex condoms every time you have sex or oral sex. Most people won’t experience symptoms with PID, but if left untreated, you could develop permanent scarring in your reproductive organs or infertility.

Take care of PID early on by seeking treatment right away—your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to reduce inflammation and relieve painful symptoms such as fever and pain while urinating.

6. Genital Herpes (HSV-1, HSV-2)

A non-curable STI that’s incurable, genital herpes can also be spread through oral sex and contact with any part of your infected partner’s body. Most people don’t experience symptoms from contracting herpes, but if they do occur, they usually include painful sores on or around your genitals or rectum. You can take a blood test to determine whether you have HSV-1 or 2 at a private clinic; most people who contract herpes develop lifelong immunity to their infection once it clears up—but don’t count on being one of them! Take care of genital herpes by using latex condoms every time you have sex or oral sex to prevent spreading your infection and seeking treatment as soon as possible if you notice symptoms such as painful sores on your genitals or rectum.

7. Gonorrhea

A bacterial infection that’s transmitted through sexual contact, gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics, but it isn’t curable; most people won’t experience symptoms, though women may notice painful urination and discharge from their vagina while men may notice painful urination and swollen testicles. To prevent contracting gonorrhea—or any other STI—limit your number of sexual partners and use latex condoms every time you have sex or oral sex. Although there is no cure for herpes, you can take medicine to relieve pain and itching caused by genital sores and reduce your risk for spreading herpes to others in future relationships by following safe-sex practices such as always using latex condoms correctly every time you have intercourse or oral sex.

In Doubt, Get Tested

The best way to avoid getting an STI is to practice safe sex by limiting your number of sexual partners and using latex condoms correctly every time you have intercourse or oral sex. If you think you may have contracted an STI, it’s important to be tested so that you can receive prompt treatment. A good private clinic in Montreal will also offer advice on how to prevent spreading infections further down the line.