Welcome avid investors and traders. Regarding options trading, one of the most common strategies used by beginners and experienced individuals is calls and puts. These simple yet powerful instruments allow traders to exploit market movements without owning the underlying asset. But with many options available, how does one make the most out of in-the-money calls and puts?  

In this article, we will delve deeper into these essential derivatives, exploring their benefits and drawbacks and providing helpful tips on how to use them effectively to boost your success in the world of finance. Whether you’re a seasoned trader looking for new approaches or someone just starting, buckle up and get ready to discover effective strategies for success with in-the-money calls and puts.

Introduction to in-the-money calls and puts, explaining how they differ from other options 

Before we dive into the nitty-gritty of our topic, let’s first define what in-the-money (ITM) calls and puts are. An ITM option is where the underlying asset price is currently higher than the strike price for a call option or lower than the strike price for a put option. It means that if you were to exercise your option at the current price, you would make a return.  

Now that we understand what ITM calls and puts are, how do they differ from other options? The main difference is their intrinsic value. An ITM option has intrinsic value because it gives the owner the right to buy or sell an asset at a favourable price. On the other hand, out-of-the-money (OTM) options have no intrinsic value since they are not lucrative if exercised at their current price. In-the-money options, therefore, provide traders with an immediate advantage and a higher probability of making a return. 

Benefits and drawbacks of in-the-money calls and puts 

ITM calls and puts offer a range of advantages that make them an attractive option for traders. Some of these benefits include: 

Lower cost: Due to their intrinsic value, ITM options are generally cheaper than at-the-money (ATM) or OTM options, making them more accessible for beginners. 

Higher probability of profit: As mentioned earlier, ITM options are more likely to make a return since their underlying asset price is already in the trader’s favour. 

Flexibility: ITM options give traders more flexibility in terms of exit strategies. They can exercise the option, sell it for a profit, or hold onto it until expiration.  

However, like any other trading instrument, ITM calls and puts also have drawbacks that traders should be aware of: 

Limited time frame: ITM options have a shorter window of opportunity for profit compared to ATM or OTM options. It means that the option may become worthless if the underlying asset price does not move as expected within the given time frame. 

Higher risk: A higher risk comes with a higher chance of making a profit. Traders must carefully assess their risk tolerance and only invest what they can afford to lose. 

Practical strategies for utilising in-the-money calls and puts 

Now that we have a solid understanding of ITM options and their benefits let’s explore some effective strategies for making the most out of them: 

Covered call strategy: This is a popular strategy where traders buy an underlying asset and simultaneously sell a call option on that asset. The ITM call will give the trader an immediate profit while limiting their risk if the underlying asset price drops. 

Protective put strategy: This strategy involves purchasing an ITM put option as insurance against potential losses in an underlying asset. If the asset price falls, the set option will offset these losses and protect the trader’s investment. 

Bear put spread strategy: This bearish strategy involves buying an ITM put option and selling an OTM set option. It allows traders to take advantage of declining underlying asset prices while limiting their potential losses. 

Bull call spread strategy: A bullish strategy where traders buy an ITM call option and sell an OTM one. This strategy allows traders to take advantage of increased underlying asset prices while limiting their potential losses. 

Conclusion 

In summary, ITM calls and puts are potent tools that greatly enhance your options trading journey. With their intrinsic value and a higher likelihood of making a return, they offer traders an edge in the market. However, it is essential to remember that great potential comes with significant risk, and traders must carefully consider their strategies to maximise potential returns while minimising losses. We hope this article has provided helpful tips and insights on effectively utilising in-the-money calls and puts into achieving success in your trading endeavours.