Software Development Team Structure: Everything You Need to Know

Product development is a multi-process where tech professionals are its conductors. The responsibility of a software development team structure is to outline its members’ roles to ensure appropriate work management, resulting in greater performance. That’s the reason directors should organize their teams properly and attain a win-win team organization. 

Imagine that you have a grand product initiative that will expand your business and capture your users’ attention. Whether it’s a scalable mobile app, a complex software solution, or a handy cloud service, you will need a resourceful software development team structure to make your thoughts come to life. 

However, the big question is how you structure this powerful software development team. What does a software development team structure consist of? What are the key roles and responsibilities of this team? What are the steps to ensure your software development team is reaching its full potential?

Don’t freak out! You are in the right place.

This article answers all these questions and all you need to know about software development team structure. So, keep reading to find the answers.

What Is a Software Development Team?

A software development team is a set of specialists or highly skilled groups that come together to solve tough business issues in software development. Simply put, a software development team is a group of in-house or devoted developers that work on a software project at a set time.

Incorporating Innovation Management into Your Software Development Team Structure

Every team needs a working innovation management system. As such, your software development team structure is better off with innovation management in place. Innovation management helps your team come up with ideas that’ll be properly analyzed and managed. 

With innovation management software, you can effectively manage innovation and guarantee that collected ideas are transformed into truly profitable innovations.

How Do You Structure a Development Team?

There are three approaches to achieving a software development team structure. You can structure a development team using different techniques:

1.   Generalist Structure

This software development team structure involves people with wide skills and knowledge. The generalists are charged with the end-to-end development of an individual feature or full project. Various outsourcing firms use this team structure.

It’s appropriate for projects with a simple tech stack, moderate complexity, and small teams.

2.   Specialist Structure

Specialist structures embody specialists with highly expert skills that are knowledgeable in dealing with narrow tasks and duties. Every team member is capable in one niche and is charged with the roles needed in that area as it contributes to the total project. The majority of software development teams make use of this arrangement.

It’s appropriate for niche-specific projects of higher complexity that require proficiency in a certain aspect such as military and medicine.

3.   Hybrid Structure

A hybrid team structure combines specialist and generalist structures. While a hybrid team focuses on the overall, they can also be specific anytime the need arises. This hybrid is the perfect of both structures. It’s appropriate for intricate projects with big budgets.

What Does a Software Development Team Consist Of?

A standard software development team structure consists of: 

  • A product owner.
  • A project manager.
  • A business analyst.
  • A product designer.
  • Software developers.
  • A software architect.
  • Software testing engineers, including test automation engineers, together with a DevOps engineer.

What Is the Role of a Development Team?

In the software development team structure, the development team is responsible for the coding and development of the software products. Besides coding, the development team is also in charge of sending frequent updates to the project manager. Furthermore, they work side-by-side with other teammates, like designers, the QA team, and software testers.

Who Are the Members of Development Team

Business Analyst (BA): Translates different needs into requirements and ensures they are documented properly or correctly.

Product Owner (PO): Represents the end users and has a clear vision of the end product.

Project Manager (PM): Is responsible for identifying the “who, what, where, when, and why” of the software plan.

Team Lead / Tech Lead: Acts as the guide to help the team maintain focus on jobs, deliver timely work, and work on the project objectives.

Software Architect: Defines the entire architectural structure system and makes high-level design decisions based on non-functional needs.

Software Developer: This team of developers provides top-quality services and solves any technical issues during the development process.

UX/UI Designer: Designers’ task is to provide support for projects to ensure adequate practices are used during development.

Tester: They are in charge of ensuring that the software solution meets the requirements and complies with the quality standards.

Quality Assurance Engineer (QA): A QA engineer detects bugs before they reach users and makes sure that your product functions properly. QA engineers use a variety of test environments to look for errors in everything from functionality and performance to security and usability. Then, they report them to a team of developers so they can fix them as fast as possible. 

Do Software Developers Work in Groups?

Typically, software developers work alone or in small groups to create small-scale and client-specific projects. A web page or phone app for a client is an example of a project. Software engineers typically work in groups devoted to designing, developing, and testing large-scale systems. 

What Are the Major Responsibilities of a Software Engineer as a Team Lead?

The team lead is in control of the team’s overall performance, goal orientation, and organization. They ensure that team members collaborate effectively and that software solutions are delivered on time.

They are also responsible for the growth and learning of their teammates and are often referred to as engineer managers or architects.

The tech lead is in charge of managing any technological or hardware requirements that are not directly related to the software development process. They provide technical guidance and integrate third-party hardware.

Here are the major responsibilities of a software engineer:

  • Ensures that an application performs as expected.
  • Spots functional and non-functional defects.
  • Design a test automation ecosystem.
  • Create and maintain automated testing scripts.

5 Best Practices to Ensure Your Software Development Team Works Efficiently

  1. Select the Team Structure Most Relevant to Your Project

Generalists, specialists, and hybrid teams are the three most popular types of development team structures. Each of them can be effective in one project while becoming bogged down in another. To avoid the latter, consider the ambiguity, time, and budget of your project before deciding on the best team structure. 

  1. Build Small Teams

Small software development teams are more efficient because it is simpler to organize their actions and identify their members’ contributions. A team of 4-8 people is an ideal size. If you’re dealing with a large software development project, you can split one team into sub-teams, each with its team leader.

  1. Make Sure You Have All the Necessary Software Development Team Roles Covered

If your company already has in-house resources, assess the skills gaps that need to be filled and look for targeted talents to add to your team. If you’re starting from scratch, make sure your team is stable and capable of covering all aspects of development.

  1. Ensure There Are Informal Roles Inside the Team

Informal roles such as idea generators, critics, and doers can benefit software development teams. Having all of the roles promotes frequent project discussions and assists a development team in becoming more self-managed. Choose players in such a manner that you have a good suite of informal roles rather than just one or two.

  1. Have a Policy for Resolving Conflicts

Conflict resolution instructions help to avoid escalation. You should document an escalation process for conflicts and challenges. In the event of a conflict between team members or sub-teams, a team culture guidebook with a section on conflict resolution is always useful.

Outsourcing Your Software Development Team

As much as it’s exciting to build and manage your software development team structure, it may not always be feasible. If you are new and inexperienced in the field, you will need proper guidance and professional touch. 

However, you don’t need to be overwhelmed. Hiring an experienced team like SumatoSoft might just be all you need. SumatoSoft will digitize your business by understanding and analyzing your challenges and pain points. On the bright side, you will not be sidelined as they’ll involve you in every process while providing business-goals-oriented software solutions

Final Thoughts

The structure and organization of your team are critical factors in future success. You can now consider all of the key drivers and select the software development team structure that will direct your ideas to successful outcomes. An unwritten rule to remember: all successful projects begin with people. Allow SumatoSoft to begin the process of locating your dedicated team!