Most Important Types of Scientific Research

A systematic and rational quest for valuable and new information on a specific topic is known as research. We need research in both science-based and scientifically unsupported fields. 

Every day, new challenges, incidents, phenomena, and procedures emerge in our lives. We require viable solutions and recommendations to deal with new issues. Scientists must research their underlying causes, remedies, applications, and theories.

There are the following research types to conduct these researches. 

Basic Research

Basic research is conceptual or experimental work carried out predominantly to gain a new understanding of the root foundations of phenomena and measurable facts, with no specific application or use in mind.

  1. Aims towards generalization
  2. Focuses on fundamental mechanisms
  3. Attempts to justify why events occur
  4. Tries to gather all the facts
  5. Reports using the subject’s technical terms

Applied Research

One who solves problems using well enough and acknowledged theories and concepts. Most scientific investigation, case analysis, and interdisciplinary approach is applied research. Basic research benefits from applied research. Applied research is a study whose results have immediate application. Such research applies to current activities.

Basic/fundamental and applied research are further subdivide into three categories:

Quantitative research

  1.  It is countable, non-descriptive, and employs statistics or mathematics.
  2.  It is an incremental process of evaluating evidence.
  3. The findings are shown using graphs and tables.
  4.  It is definitive.
  5.  It looks into the reasoning and when to make decisions.

Qualitative Research

  1. No use of numbers, explanatory, applies logic and employs words.
  2. Its goal is to understand, feel, and describe the circumstance.
  3. Qualitative info does not represent graphically.
  4. It is exploratory.
  5. It looks into the whys and hows of decision-making.

Mixed Research

Mixed research is research that combines qualitative and quantitative techniques or paradoxical characteristics. Data is a collection of factors, sayings, and visuals.

Other types of research:

Exploratory Research

A literature quest or focus group interviews may be part of exploratory research. Exploring new events in this manner may aid the researcher’s need for a better understanding, test the viability of a larger sample, or identify the best techniques to be used in a later study.

Descriptive Research

Descriptive research is concerned with determining “what” and “how many” of this “what.” As a result, it aims to answer questions like, “What is this?”.

Cross-sectional Research

Cross-sectional research collects data only once over a time frame of days, weeks, or months. The purpose of many cross-sectional studies is exploratory or descriptive. They intend to look over how things are currently going, with no regard for if there is a background or pattern at work.

Action Research

Facts discovered to enhance the quality of social action in the universe.

Policy-Oriented Research

This type of study is used in reports asking, “How can problem ‘X’ be solved or avoided?”

Comparative Research

Comparative research help in identifying similarities and contrasts among components at all stages.

Casual Research

It aims to create a cause-and-effect connection between variables.

Classification Research

Its goal is to classify units.

  • To illustrate differentiation
  • To clarify relationships


Many government policies have been found in research. For example, studies on people’s needs and desires and the accessibility of earnings to meet those needs can help a government organise a budget. It is a wellspring of knowledge that provides solutions to problems.

They investigate social phenomena and look for answers and solutions to social problems.