Gemstones have always fascinated humans from an ancient period. There are various kinds of gemstones, such as emerald, ruby, sapphire, and others. Romans and Greeks also had amazing beliefs about diamonds and other gemstones.

We must have heard plenty of stories about gemstones. Many cultures and countries believe that gemstones are connected with good luck and property. There are also many other interesting facts about gemstones that we might now know.

This blog lists all the interesting facts about the most valuable gemstones. We will discuss all the things related to gemstones and their history.

History of Different Gemstones

Gemstones were believed to be formed in the Earth’s crust for billions of years. Let us have a look at the history of various gemstones in the below section:

  • Scientists believe that diamonds were formed in the Earth’s crust 3 billion years ago. Sapphire was formed 150 million years ago and it is the newest kind of gemstone.
  • Pearls are formed through an organic and constant process in saltwater.
  • Indians were the first to mine diamonds in 300 BC. They also used diamonds for making ornaments.
  • Jade was the most valuable gem in China.
  • Peridot is a green gemstone just like an emerald. Queen Cleopatra loved Peridot and it is believed to be the most ancient extra-terrestrial gemstone. This gemstone was found in meteorite landing sites.

10 Most Valuable Gemstones in The World and Their Interesting Facts

There are different kinds of gemstones in the world with different features. However, some gemstones are very rare and you cannot find them easily. These gemstones are very expensive and have unique characteristics. Let us have a look at the valuable gemstones and their interesting facts in detail:

1. Black Opal

Have you ever seen a black opal? The answer might be No as black opal is rarely found in a few countries of the world. Black opal has a dark colored background for an amazing play of colors. These gemstones are found mostly in different parts of Australia.

The most valuable black opal in the world is Royal One with a price of $3 million. It weighs around 306 carats. Royal One was not revealed for 14 years until the miner decided to sell this gemstone.

2. Alexandrite

Another valuable gemstone is Alexandrite. It costs around $70,000 per carat. One of the best things about Alexandrite is that it changes colors. This gemstone is mainly found in different countries such as Russia, India, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania.

This gemstone is mostly available in smaller sizes of less than 1 carat. The Smithsonian Institute has the largest faceted Alexandrite in the globe with a weight of 65.08 carats. This gemstone has a cost of more than $4 million.

3. Emerald

In the race of sapphire vs emerald, the latter wins the race. Emerald is one of the most popular gemstones in the world because of its rich green shade. Emerald is mostly found in Colombia, Zambia, Brazil, and Zimbabwe. Natural emeralds have no flaws or imperfections while artificial emeralds have minor flaws.

Christie’s held an auction to sell his Rockefeller Emerald at the highest price. This emerald was of 18.04 carat and it was purchased By John D. Rockefeller for his wife. This gemstone was then given to their son and sold privately. Finally, this emerald was sold for $5.5 million making it the most expensive emerald in the world.  

4. Musgravite

The next gemstone on the list is Musgravite. It is one of the rarest gemstones in the world. It was first founded in Australia in 1967. The name of this gemstone is connected to the Musgrave region of Australia.

From 1967 to 2005, experts could find only 8 musgravite stones. These stones had colors from olive green to grayish purple. It is estimated that musgravite stone has a cost of around $35000 per carat.

5. Ruby

Ruby has a mesmerizing red color and it is known as the “King of gemstones”. The vibrant red shade of Ruby stone symbolizes passion and love. Ancient cultures believed that Ruby has a color like that of blood. In Geneva, the rarest Burmese Ruby was sold at Sotheby’s event for more than $30 million.

Burmese Ruby was of 26 carats and was renamed “the Sunrise Ruby” by poet Rumi. This stone was sold for $1.18 million per carat.

6. Red Beryl

The next gemstone on the list is Red Beryl. This gemstone has a dark red color like a pinkish shade. The color of this gemstone is exceptionally beautiful. Red Beryl is one of the rarest gemstones of the beryl family.

Emerald is also a part of the beryl family. Another name for the Red Beryl gemstone is red emerald. Some features of Red Beryl gemstone match emeralds. Red Beryl stone has some flaws, inclusions, and fractures. The price of red Beryl stone can go up to $10000 per carat.

7. Pink Diamond

Colorless diamonds are common but colored diamonds are rare gemstones. The pink diamond is one of the most valuable gems in the world. Out of the total diamond production in the world, pink-colored diamonds account for less than 0.1%.

Most pink diamonds are sold for more than $1 million. In the year 2017, a pink diamond was sold at a Sotheby’s auction in Hong Kong for $71.2 million. This diamond was 59.60 carats.

8. Blue Diamond

Blue Diamond is the rarest gemstone in the world. It has a natural beauty that you cannot find in any other gemstone. Some of the richest collectors in the world want to buy Blue Diamond even at the highest price.

In 2016, Vivid Blue Diamond with an emerald cut was sold at $57.5 million in an auction in Geneva. The blue diamond is the most valuable gemstone with a cost of $3.93 million per carat.

9. Jadeite

Jadeite belongs to the Jade family and it is one of the purest gemstones in the world. It is available in different colors such as black, red and yellow. However, the most common color of Jadeite is green.

This gemstone symbolizes status and class. Chinese people have a great passion for Jadeite gemstones. Jadeite looks similar to emerald gemstones. 

Final Words

These are some of the rarest gemstones in the world. They are available in a limited quantity. Many rich businessmen and celebrities choose these gemstones to buy at an auction. These stones are special and match any outfit.

These rarest gemstones are often sold at an auction. They can be used in making costly and classy jewelry for queens, celebrities, and special people.