How Financial Markets Provide Liquidity?

Liquidity refers to the ability of a company to convert assets into cash quickly. This is very different from private securities or long-term fixed assets, which are more difficult to sell. A company’s liquidity can be assessed by looking at the current ratio, quick ratio, and operating cash flow ratio. If it has too little liquidity, it will be hard to satisfy debts or make agreements in the short

Less liquid stocks attract more market makers

Market makers are those who buy and sell shares of securities on the open market. They work to keep the spread between the bids and ask prices as low as possible. This allows retail traders to buy and sell without experiencing slippage. Less liquid stocks, on the other hand, attract fewer market makers. This can lead to higher transaction costs for retail traders.

Market makers in lower-liquid stocks may increase their bids and offer prices to benefit from carte blanche. However, many rules help limit this practice, including running an electronic tally of bids and offers. In addition, market makers may be subject to internal monitoring by their firms and regulators. Despite these measures, it is not always easy to prove that a market maker is acting in good faith, especially if the stock is less liquid than others.

Illiquid stocks have wider bid-offer spreads

When determining the liquidity of a security, bid-offer spreads are important considerations. A narrow bid-offer spread generally indicates higher liquidity, while a wide bid-offer spread indicates less liquidity. The bid price is the highest price a buyer is willing to pay, while the asking price is the lowest price a seller is willing to accept. The Price difference ice is known as the bid-ask spread.

Traders typically use limit orders to set the price at which they want to buy or sell a security. Invesment Research Services However, there are times when market orders are used and are priced at the time of the trade. In such cases, bid-ask spreads are critical considerations, especially for investments with low liquidity, such as micro or small-cap stocks. Traders should also carefully evaluate the spread on certain bonds, as they may have wide bid-offer spreads.

Government bonds have lower yields

In stable economic times, investors may be tempted to buy high-yield bonds because they have higher potential income. However, higher yield bonds also come with greater risk and volatility. For tax-conscious investors, muni bonds issued by states may be more attractive because they offer higher after-tax yields. Before investing, compare after-tax yields of corporate and muni bonds.

Bond yields are influenced by the risk and credit quality of the security. Generally, government bonds have lower yields than corporate bonds with similar characteristics. In addition, high-yield bonds are less marketable than non-callable bonds. Therefore, they carry higher risks and may not be as secure as government bonds.

Illiquid assets are less volatile

Illiquid assets are those that are hard to sell or that don’t have a large number of willing buyers. These types of assets tend to have a large bid-ask spread and have a higher volatility. As a result, they can be a riskier bet for investors.

Investors who seek greater risk-adjusted returns may prefer illiquid assets. However, they should consider their risk tolerance and time horizon before investing in illiquid assets. These investments typically take years to pay off and may require a large amount of patience and risk.


Illiquid assets are hard to sell for cash and can depreciate rapidly. Because they have low trading volume, they are harder to sell quickly, or you risk paying a lower price than you paid for them. Generally, illiquid assets are low-volume stocks that are difficult to buy or sell due to low investor interest. Their volatility is also higher than other types of assets.