Urban Farming

Securing food and preserving land is the main objective of farming. The significance of farming is increasing with more and more people from rural places to cities practicing it to attain food sustainability. Singapore depends on other countries for its food requirements by importing 90% of its food. 

In this situation, the country has taken extreme steps to produce at least 30 percent of its food by 2030. The nation has drawn up a plan asking everyone to grow their food. You can have government grants to utilize agricultural technology to cultivate more food.

The government focuses on implementing the urban farming system in metropolitan cities in Singapore. For a better understanding, you should know what is urban farming and what are its benefits.

What is urban farming? 

With 10% of local food production in Singapore, the country targets land availability for agro-food production and implements technology and innovation. Only one percent of the land is used in traditional farming in Singapore. 

To increase farming potential, commercial farm projects are put into practice, in which the commercial lands are leased for large-scale commercial farm projects. Growing food in urban spaces like car parks, rooftops, and reused outdoor spaces in the city is called urban farming.  

With optimizing farms to produce at maximum capacity, the idea of growing food in more urban spaces in Singapore is also increasing. Vehicle parking areas, rooftops, reused outdoor spaces, and retrofitted building interiors are some of the places used for revolutionary urban farming. People mostly consume food items like vegetables, eggs, and fish, which are in high demand. Moreover, they are highly perishable. Producing such food items in urban areas is necessary, which asks for using technology.

With advanced technology, the government in Singapore has built multi-story LED vegetable farms and recirculating aquaculture systems. Such urban farms can produce 10 to 15 times more than traditional farms. The technologies used are:

  • Hydroponics to implement urban farming in the parking structure roofs  
  • Installation of urban farms in existing buildings
  • Construction of better greenhouses for urban farms in cities 

How to achieve sustainability through urban farming?

You need to develop more aggrotech businesses using advanced technology to achieve food sustainability at a global level. Organizations like DBS Foundation are contributing significantly to it. The company is the grant winner of the Rooftop Republic and Edible Garden City in Singapore. The Edible Garden City is a mission that helps to set up urban farming in schools, malls, and office buildings.

Food loss and food waste happen at each stage of the food supply chain. People’s attitudes in industrialized nations cause food wastage at parties and ceremonies and even at home daily. Probably, it is due to one’s affordability to waste food in urban countries. 

When it comes to food, affordability, and abundance of food are making the younger generation waste food.

The new-gen children do not experience or understand the effort and resources necessary to grow food. For them, food is a lifeless thing kept on the shelves in a supermarket. For instance, people in cities do not understand the effort behind growing food. It will take more than 120 days to grow potatoes, and the amount of water necessary to produce one kg of apple is 800 litres. 

The solution to food waste and to attain sustainability is to grow our food in urban areas using urban farming techniques. It is bringing farming to the cities instead of bringing people to farming. People should experience growing their own food and realize how hard it is.