Everything to know about hives

Hives, also known as urticaria, is a skin condition characterized by raised, red, itchy welts or welts that change the size and shape rapidly. The welts can last for a few minutes to several hours before fading, only to be replaced by new welts. You can consult with the Best Skin Specialist in Karachi for this health problem.

Different factors can cause hives. These include:

  • Allergic reactions to food, medications, insect bites or stings, or other allergens
  • Physical triggers, such as heat, cold, pressure, or exercise
  • Infections
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Idiopathic hives, which are hives of unknown cause

The symptoms of hives can be managed with over-the-counter or prescription antihistamines, topical creams, or other medications. If hives persist for more than a few days or are accompanied by other symptoms, such as difficulty breathing or swelling of the face or tongue, it is important to seek medical attention.

What are the types of hives?

There are two main types of hives:

1.      Acute hives

This type of hive lasts for less than six weeks and is typically caused by an allergic reaction or another trigger.

2.      Chronic hives

This type of hive lasts for more than six weeks and can be caused by an underlying medical condition, such as an autoimmune disorder, or an unknown cause.

Subtypes

In addition to these two main types of hives, there are several subtypes of hives, including:

1.      Physical hives

Raised welts are caused by physical triggers, such as heat, cold, pressure, or exercise.

2.      Cholinergic hives

Hives that are triggered by physical activity, such as exercise, or changes in body temperature.

3.      Dermatographic hives

Hives that are caused by skin being firmly stroked or scratched.

4.      Cold hives

Hives that are caused by exposure to cold temperatures.

5.      Pressure hives

Hives caused by pressure or friction on the skin, such as from tight clothing or a backpack.

It is important to work with a healthcare provider to accurately diagnose the type of hives you are experiencing and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Treatment options for hives (urticaria) may include:

1.      Anti-histamines

To relieve itching and redness, often available over the counter

2.      Topical creams and ointments

Such as corticosteroids to reduce itching and inflammation

3.      Prescription-strength anti-histamines

For more severe cases of hives

4.      Leukotriene modifiers

A type of medication used to treat allergies and asthma

5.      Immunosuppressants

For chronic hives that do not respond to other treatments

6.      Avoiding triggers

Such as certain foods, medications, or environmental factors that may worsen hives.

It is important to see a doctor to determine the best treatment plan, as hives can be a symptom of a more serious underlying condition.

How can a dermatologist help in treating hives?

A dermatologist can help in treating hives by:

1.      Identifying the cause

The dermatologist will perform a thorough examination and may order tests, such as skin tests or blood tests, to help determine the underlying cause of the hives.

2.      Prescribing medications

The dermatologist may prescribe antihistamines, corticosteroids, or other medications to help reduce itching and inflammation.

3.      Offering lifestyle and environmental advice

The dermatologist may recommend changes to your diet or lifestyle, such as avoiding certain triggers or using non-allergenic personal care products, to help prevent future outbreaks.

4.      Referring to a specialist

If the hives are caused by an underlying medical condition, the dermatologist may refer you to a specialist, such as an allergist or immunologist, for further evaluation and treatment. You can get help from the best skin specialists at oladoc.com.

Treatment for hives may involve a combination of medications, lifestyle changes, and environmental modifications. Working with a dermatologist can help ensure that the best treatment plan is developed and tailored to your specific needs.