Natural disasters have been happening for centuries. The loss of life, property and the devastation to communities are usually traumatic and leave long-term social, economic, and environmental scars. Modern society has developed disaster responses that are highly coordinated to get critical emergency services in place as soon as possible at the site of a disaster.

The Dos

1. First aid and hyperbaric treatment

First aid is the first step in disaster response. First aid kits can be incorporated into emergency response plans and should always be on hand during a disaster. A first aid kit provides essential supplies to treat injuries and prevent illness. It will also contain a hyperbaric chamber as this can treat patients for up to three hours in the water where they can generally breathe if exposed to an aircraft or vehicle explosion.

2. Developing an integrated incident management system

The Incident Command System is one of the main structures to manage emergency response. It gives not just emergency responders but others a voice in the recovery process. This system is essential to direct involvement with relevant government agencies and the public to ensure that displaced individuals are prioritized in evacuation efforts and will be provided shelter, food, and other necessities.

3. Establishing an emergency operations center

It is a central location in the disaster response process. It is an integral part of the incident management system that holds all relevant information and communication during the recovery and response process.

4. Mobilizing a rapid-response team

It is an official group of emergency responders who can deploy to the disaster site to provide critical assistance without going through local government channels. Sometimes, these teams are called upon only after other rescue efforts have been exhausted.

The Don’ts

1. Avoid Open Fires

The blazing fire can easily ignite two-thirds of a million liters of aviation fuel, leading to massive fires with toxic fumes. It is essential to leave this fire untouched until rescue services arrive. The fire should be put out by firefighters who will put out the blaze until safety vehicles bring water.

2. Don’t Panic or Become Hysterical

Panic or hysteria can cause massive confusion and lead to more injuries than necessary. If a person is bleeding, they should be moved to the side and away from others. If someone is injured, they should move them to a safe place where their injuries can be tended to.

3. Avoid contact with other substances

When the area is contaminated, ensure all people stay away from the substance until it is declared safe. Avoid contact with blood, bodily fluids, soil, and debris. They can cause skin rashes, allergic reactions, or worse.

4. Avoid Contamination

The contaminated area should be cleared of everything that can get contaminated, such as clothing and shoes. If a person is suspected of having been exposed to the toxin, keep them away from others until it is safe for them to leave the area. Hygiene issues such as infectious diseases, body lice, and fleas can cause more problems than they can solve.

A lot of preparation and effort is needed to provide the resources necessary to respond to a disaster. The environmental destruction, loss of life, and damage done to communities can have long-term effects if not addressed accordingly. In the event of a disaster, ensure you contact restoration experts to assist you with your response to the disaster.