There is a great significance of materiality in architecture. An architect needs to know about every material used for architectural purposes. The materials you should use for construction purposes should be of the best quality. This is because choosing the material is essential. The right type of material will ensure the longevity of the construction work. It will result in low maintenance, hence, less use of resources and less time and money. An architect should know how to invest in materials! Here are six types of materials that every architect needs to know:


An architect needs to know that concrete is one of the most important materials used for an architectural purpose, hence as construction equipment.

Concrete has a fantastic property of solidifying at room temperature, which is not as in the case of cement. If you are using concrete for construction purposes, you need not worry about the weather- as it does not depend on it.

Concrete, when hardens, forms a very strong substance which is a muscle for your architecture. Concrete is versatile and economically cheap. It is vital in compression and is as strong as steel when it comes to compressive strength. And apart from normal concrete, architects are also using precast concrete for construction, which is extremely helpful.


Steel is the second most mandatory material that an architect needs to know. Steel has a few qualities that make it one of the best materials used for architecture. First of all, steel acts as a binding agent with concrete. Steel is one of the most robust materials known; hence it is used extensively for building purposes. Steel is cost-effective and is readily available in the market.

Steel does not react with the moisture present in the atmosphere; therefore, it is rust-resistant. Steel is well known for its sustainability and adaptability. Reinforcing steel, commonly known as steel rebar, is usually used in construction.


Stones have the extensive property for architectural purposes. Stones can be used for building roofs, floors, or pavements. First of all, stones look attractive when used in flooring or roofing. If you are constructing a monument, stones can be one of the best choices.

Stones are durable, and since they are used in bulk- they are readily available. Some stones used for construction purposes are granite, basalt, quartzite, and marble. Stale and sandstones are too used.


An architect should know the extensive use of woods in the construction field. Wood is a natural resource, so it is readily available. The most significant characteristic of wood is though it is light weighted, it has the strength of steel.

Thus, it provides excellent mechanical strength to your architecture. Wood has an insulating property; therefore, it is used commonly in hilly regions. Wood insulates us from the chilly winds and the cold weather. The types of wood used in construction are teak wood, plywood, Sal wood, or pine wood.



Commonly known as the sealant or sealing material, cement is commonly used for constructional purposes. An architect should keep in mind that cement, though as not as strong as concrete, when added to the latter, makes an amazing slurry.

This slurry, when thickens, forms one of the strongest binders. The common materials used for this slurry are concrete, cement, and water. You can add sands in bulk for finer results!

The reason for cement to contribute its strength is- when the slurry is applied to the material, it solidifies after some time. Through a chemical reaction known as hydration, the water molecules of that slurry get dried up, thus, forming a hardcore binder structure.


An architect should know why bitumen falls on the list of essential construction materials. Firstly, bitumen is a by-product of crude oil; hence it is cheap and easily available.

Bitumen is mainly used for the construction of roads and pavements. Bitumen is also used as a roofing material due to its exclusive waterproofing property. When bitumen is used for a constructing purpose, it acts as a strong binder. Bitumen is safe to use as it is non-toxic.


So, these are the primary materials that an architect needs to know. Architects should remember that it is very important to know these basic types of materials used for architectural purposes.

Along with these, there are other materials such as glass, plastic, bricks, textiles, and binding wires.